Publication Detail

On Joint Frequency and Power Allocation in a Cross-Layer Protocol for Underwater Acoustic Networks

Josep M Jornet, Milica Stojanovic, Michele Zorzi
12 pp.
MITSG 10-14
$5.50 DOM / $7.50 INT

Path loss in an underwater acoustic channel depends not only on the transmission distance, but also on the signal frequency.
As a result, the useful bandwidth decreases with distance, a feature not normally present in terrestrial radio networks. This fact motivates the use of multihop communications in an acoustic network, and strongly influences its design, since the same set of protocols will exhibit different performance when operating in a different frequency range. Multihop transmission is considered for large area coverage in acoustic networks, with an eye towards efficient power and bandwidth allocation. Power control is used as a practical means of optimizing the overall performance across the
physical, medium access control (MAC) and routing layers. A geographic routing technique, called the focused beam routing (FBR), which requires each node to know only its own location and that of the final destination, is coupled with the distance aware collision avoidance protocol, which regulates the channel access. Results
show that the average energy per bit consumption is reduced by adjusting the power, center frequency, and bandwidth in accordance with the network node density. Specifically, as the density increases, greater bandwidths offer per-hop energy reduction as
well as a reduced packet collision rate.

type: Journal, book, proceeding reprints

Parent Project

Project No.: 2007-R/RT-2/RCM-21
Title: Acoustic Communication Networks for Distributed Autonomous Underwater Platforms