Publication Detail

Performance of Adaptive MC-CDMA Detectors in Rapidly Fading Rayleigh Channels

Dimitris N. Kalofonos, Milica Stojanovic, John G. Proakis
11 pp.
MITSG 03-38J
$2.00 DOM

Multicarrier code-division multiple access (MC-CDMA) combines multicarrier transmission with direct sequence spread spectrum. Recently, different approaches have been adopted which do not assume a perfectly known channel. In this paper, we examine the forward-link performance of decision-directed adaptive detection schemes, with and without explicit channel estimation, for MC-CDMA systems operating in fast fading channels. We analyze theoretically the impact of channel estimation errors by first considering a simpler system employing a threshold orthogonality restoring combining (TORC) detector with a Kalman channel estimator. We show that the performance deteriorates significantly as the channel fading rate increases and that the fading rate affects the selection of system parameters. We examine the performance of more realistic schemes based on the minimum mean square error (MMSE) criterion using least mean square (LMS) and recursive least square (RLS) adaptation. We present a discussion which compares the decision-directed and pilot-aided approaches and explores the tradeoffs between channel estimation overhead and performance. We find that there is a fading rate range where each method provides a good tradeoff between performance and overhead. We conclude that the MMSE per carrier decision-directed detector with RLS estimation combines good performance in low to moderate fading rates, robustness in parameter variations, and relatively low complexity and overhead. For higher fading rates, however, only pilot-symbol-aided detectors are appropriate.

type: Technical reports

Parent Project

Project No.: 2002-RD-17
Title: High Rate Acoustic Link for Video Transmission from Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs)