Publication Detail

Nuclear and Cytosolic Distribution of Metallothionein in the Blue Mussel Mytilus edulis L.

Erika del Castillio, William E Robinson
6 pp.
MITSG 08-23J
$5.50 DOM / $7.50 INT

Four tissues from the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis L., were examined for the presence of nuclear metallothionein (MT), and the nuclear:cytosolic (N:C) MT ratios and nuclear MT:DNA ratios investigated. Gill, digestive gland, gonad and posterior adductor muscle tissues were dissected, homogenized and subjected to differential centrifugation in order to isolate the nuclear and cytosolic fractions, which were then analyzed for MT and DNA. MT was present in all samples of the nuclear fractions from all four tissues. The nuclear MT concentration was either lower or the same as the cytosolic MT concentration from the same tissue. The mean N:C MT ratio of the digestive gland was significantly lower than that of the gill. The mean nuclear MT:DNA ratio of the digestive gland was significantly higher than that of the gill and posterior adductor muscle. In addition to being the first report of nuclear MT in bivalves, we showed that N:C MT ratios and nuclear MT:DNA ratios differ among tissues of the same organism. This raises important questions concerning the regulation of nuclear MT concentrations and the role of nuclear MT in metal regulation and DNA protection.

type: Journal, book, proceeding reprints

Parent Project

Project No.: 2000-RB-53
Title: Environmental Marine Biotechnology: Mussel Plasma Histidine-Rich Glycoprotein (HRG)-Biomarker, Key to Metal Transport, Novel Natural Product