Many publications are available free electronically, via our web sites. For hard copy of WHSG documents, write to Woods Hole Sea Grant, MS #2, 193 Oyster Pond Rd., Woods Hole, MA 02543-1525 or call (508) 289-2398. For MIT documents, write to Publication Ordering, MIT Sea Grant, Bldg. E38-300, Cambridge, MA 02139. Include your name and address, with check or money order for document, plus shipping ($1.50 domestic, $4, international).

For a full listing of MITSG publications, see

For a full listing of WHSG publications, see

MITSG 09-02 :: free, 33 pp
Gulf of Maine Strategic Regional Ocean Science Plan
Judith Pederson, Editor, MIT Sea Grant

The Gulf of Maine Regional Ocean Science Initiative addresses ecological, environmental, and social influences in coastal and marine ecosystems in an integrated, collaborative manner. This publication presents stakeholder concerns and identifies research needed to address these issues. Online:

MITSG 09-21J :: $2, 4 pp, reprinted from Science, Vol. 323, pp. 1067-1070, 2009.
Disruption of Vertical Motility by Shear Triggers Formation of Thin Phytoplankton Layers
William M. Durham, MIT Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; John O. Kessler, University of Arizona, Tucson, Dept. of Physics; and Roman Stocker, MIT Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

In this paper, the researchers demonstrate that layers of phytoplankton formed when the vertical migration of phytoplankton was disrupted by hydrodynamic shear. This mechanism can be responsible for the thin layers of phytoplankton commonly observed in the ocean. These results reveal that the coupling between active microorganism motility and ambient fluid motion can shape the macroscopic features of the marine ecological landscape.

MITSG 09-14 :: video - view online at
20-Ton Canaries: The Great Whales of the North Atlantic (Panel Discussions)
Moderator: Douglas Fraser; Panelists: Jeremy Firestone, Robin Craig, Richard Max Strahan, Wil Burns, Alison Rieser, and Don Anton

Part of a Fall 2008 symposium, this is a discussion of legal, environmental and policy experts. These experts don't converge on a dominant strategy for saving whales, but make the case that we are fast approaching a moment of no return for the great cetaceans, and possibly, for the oceans we all rely on as well.

MITSG 09-4 :: $2, 8 pp
Seeking Didemnum on Georges Bank
Judith Pederson, MIT Sea Grant

This is a preliminary report of MITSG's AUV Lab cruise to Georges Bank on July 8-21, 2008. The purpose of this cruise was to test the efficacy of an acoustic sensor in identifying the distribution of an aggressive sea squirt on Georges Bank that is threatening scallop and groundfish fisheries.

MITSG 09-17 :: $8, 42 pp
Transient Tidal Eddy Project Data Report: Spring 2008
Wendell Brown, Gustavo Marques, and Chris Jakubiak, UMASS-Dartmouth School for Marine Science and Technology

This paper presents findings from the Transient Tidal Eddy (TTE) project, with field and modeling components that focus on a better understanding of the kinematics and dynamics of tidal eddy motion generation and evolution in the Great South Channel region east of Chatham, MA.

WHOI-R-08-002 :: free, 5 pp
Key Amino Acids in the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Predict Dioxin Sensitivity in Avian Species
Jessica A. Heard, University of Ottawa and Environment Canada; Mark E. Hahn, WHOI; and Sean W. Kennedy, University of Ottawa and Environment Canada

Dioxin-like compounds are toxic to most vertebrates, but significant differences in sensitivity exist among species. A recent study suggests that the amino acid residues corresponding to lle324 and Ser380 in chicken aryl hydrocarbon receptor 1(AHR1) are important determinants of differential biochemical responses to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in chickens and common terns. Here, we investigate whether the identity of those amino acid residues can predict embryonic sensitivity to dioxin-like compounds in a wide range of birds.

WHOI-R-09-001 :: free, 10 pp
Nitrogen in Runoff from Residential Roads in a Coastal Area
Eric A. Davidson and Kathleen E. Savage, The Woods Hole Research Center; Neil D. Bette, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies; Roxanne Marino and Robert W. Hogarth, Cornell University

Non-point sources of nitrogen (N) contribute to pollution of many coastal waters. Road runoff of N has been estimated for busy highways, but residential roads could also be important non-point sources. Here we estimate N in runoff from two small residential roads (average annual daily traffic < 1,000 vehicles) and a state highway (8,000 daily vehicles).

WHOI-G-08-001 :: free, 4 pp
Managing Quahog Parasite Unknown (QPX) Disease
William Walton and Diane Murphy, Woods Hole Sea Grant and Cape Cod Cooperative Extension

Quahog (Mercenaria mercenaria) farmers strive to produce a premium product, while maximizing growth and survival. Like oyster farmers, quahog farmers can face the challenge of disease. In particular, Quahog Parasite Unknown (QPX), a single-celled, protistan parasite, has been found in a number of growing areas and can cause slow growth and massive mortality of quahogs, in some cases killing more than 90 percent of the crop. In this bulletin, the authors describe techniques and culture methods to address the challenge of QPX.

WHOI-G-08-002 :: free, 4 pp
Restoring Oysters Through Remote Set
William Walton and Diane Murphy, Woods Hole Sea Grant and Cape Cod Cooperative Extension

Of the various methods of oyster restoration available, natural resource managers are increasingly turning to oyster remote set. In this method, oysters are reared in tanks, attached to material put in the tanks and moved to another, or remote, location. It is a decades-old technique that has been used for both restoration efforts and private aquaculture, particularly in the Pacific Northwest. Here the authors provide an overview of the remote set process, provide tips on improving oyster survival and growth in the field, and present examples of potential uses. This bulletin is intended for natural resource managers, coastal decision makers and interested citizens.